It begins

With Standards

Standards can be great tools for the coffee industry as they are trusted reference instruments established by knowledgeable subject-matter experts. A SCAA standard is a high-quality recommendation by the Standards Committee. It is a quantifiable and qualifiable measure, based upon scientific testing, which set values and/or ranges of values for coffee. Currently, the SCAA has standards for water, green coffee, and cupping coffee.

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Standards

In More Detail

Allowable Defects

For Specialty Grade Coffee - To be considered specialty grade, green coffee shall have zero category one (1) defects and five or less category two (2) defects. See the SCAA green grading handbook for more information on these defects.

Coffee to Water Ratio

When cupping, the ratio of 8.25 grams (whole bean) coffee (± 0.25 grams), to 5.07 fluid ounces (150 ml) water shall be used. When adjusting due to vessel size, a ratio of 1.63 grams (whole bean) coffee per 1 fluid ounce of water (or 0.055 g coffee per 1 ml water) shall be used.

Links to More Info

Proper Grinding Spectrum
Body and Flavor Clarity Spectrum